700 Million To Mexico See Merieda House Bill? L.A.M. Norman Oetker Missionary “The Light Amidst the Mong” Hmong Thailand, Reynosa Mexico, English Class, St. Charles Missouri US.

700 Million To Mexico  MEO L.A.M. Norman Oetker Missionary "The Light Amidst the Mong/MEO" Hmong Thailand, Reynosa Mexico, English Class, St. Charles Missouri US.

 WANTED… A WRITER FOR A BOOK ON MY LIFE AS A CHRISTIAN MISSIONARY

CONTACT: normanoetker@hotmail.com  October 2009

 
  

700 Million To Mexico See Merieda House Bill?

This is a copy of the original House Resolution #6028 about the Merida Initiative To Aid Mexico…you will find that the appropriations have increased since this was written, in any case, this is a good focus on just what the funds are to be used far.

Norman Reynosa Mexico

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?c110:4:./temp/~c110O7NW1M::

H.R.6028

Merida Initiative to Combat Illicit Narcotics and Reduce Organized Crime Authorization Act of 2008 (Referred to Senate Committee after being Received from House)

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Beginning

June 11, 2008

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

TITLE I–ASSISTANCE FOR MEXICO

SEC. 101. FINDINGS.

SEC. 102. DECLARATIONS OF POLICY.

SEC. 111. PURPOSES OF ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 112. AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 113. ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.

SEC. 114. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 115. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

SEC. 121. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

SEC. 122. AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 123. ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.

SEC. 124. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

TITLE II–ASSISTANCE FOR COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL AMERICA

SEC. 201. FINDINGS.

SEC. 202. DECLARATIONS OF POLICY.

Subtitle A–Law Enforcement and Security Assistance

SEC. 211. PURPOSES OF ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 212. AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 213. ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.

SEC. 214. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 215. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

Subtitle B–Assistance to Enhance the Rule of Law and Strengthen Civilian Institutions

SEC. 221. AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 222. ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.

SEC. 223. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

TITLE III–ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

SEC. 301. CONDITIONS ON PROVISION OF ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 302. LIMITATIONS ON PROVISION OF ASSISTANCE.

SEC. 303. LIMITATION ON MONITORING.

SEC. 304. EXEMPTION FROM PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT FORCES.

SEC. 305. RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER AUTHORITY.

SEC. 306. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

TITLE IV–SUPPORT ACTIVITIES IN THE UNITED STATES

SEC. 401. REPORT ON REDUCTION OF DRUG DEMAND IN THE UNITED STATES.

SEC. 402. REDUCTION OF SOUTHBOUND FLOW OF ILLEGAL WEAPONS.

SEC. 403. REDUCTION OF SOUTHBOUND FLOW OF ILLEGAL PRECURSOR CHEMICALS AND BULK-CASH TRANSFERS.

SEC. 404. REPORT.

TITLE V–MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 501. COORDINATOR OF UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES TO IMPLEMENT THE MERIDA INITIATIVE.

SEC. 502. METRICS AND OVERSIGHT MECHANISMS.

SEC. 503. REPORT.

SEC. 504. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

SEC. 505. SUNSET.

H.R.6028

Merida Initiative to Combat Illicit Narcotics and Reduce Organized Crime Authorization Act of 2008 (Referred to Senate Committee after being Received from House)

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SEC. 113. ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.

(a) In General- Activities that may be supported by assistance under section 112 include the following:

(1) COUNTERNARCOTICS AND COUNTERTRAFFICKING- To assist in building the capacity of law enforcement and security forces of Mexico to eradicate illicit narcotics trafficking and reduce trafficking-fueled violence, including along the United States-Mexico border, including assistance such as–

(A) radar and aerial surveillance equipment;

(B) land and maritime interdiction equipment and training, including–

(i) transport helicopters and night-operating capabilities;

(ii) surveillance platform planes; and

(iii) maintenance and training relating to maintenance of aircraft; and

(C) training of security and law enforcement units to plan and execute counternarcotics operations.

(2) PORT, AIRPORT, AND RELATED SECURITY- To assist in monitoring and controlling the United States-Mexico border and the border between Mexico and Central America to combat illicit narcotics trafficking, including assistance such as–

(A) computer infrastructure and equipment;

(B) secure communications networks; and

(C) nonintrusive monitoring technology.

(3) OPERATIONAL TECHNOLOGY-

(A) ASSISTANCE OBJECTIVES- To assist in investigation and collection of intelligence against illicit drug trafficking organizations, including–

(i) expansion of intelligence databases; and

(ii) hardware, operating systems, and training for updating the communications networks of security agencies.

(B) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of Congress that–

(i) operational technology transferred to the Government of Mexico for intelligence or law enforcement purposes should be used solely for the purposes for which the operational technology was intended; and

(ii) the United States should take all necessary steps to ensure that use of operational technology described in clause (i) is consistent with United States law, including protections of freedom of expression, freedom of movement, and freedom of association.

(4) PUBLIC SECURITY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT- To assist in the modernization of law enforcement entities and prevent crime, including assistance and activities such as–

(A) law enforcement training and equipment, including–

(i) transport helicopters;

(ii) surveillance aircraft, including Cessna Caravan light utility aircraft;

(iii) nonintrusive inspection equipment; and

(iv) human rights training for law enforcement units;

(B) enhancement of the Government of Mexico’s financial intelligence unit;

(C) safety-related equipment for law enforcement officers and prosecutors, including protective vests and helmet sets;

(D) reduction of drug demand in Mexico, including activities such as–

(i) assistance to the National Council Against Addictions (CONADIC) to establish an Internet web-based support network;

(ii) establishment of a national data center to support the CONADIC; and

(iii) training of CONADIC and other agency staff in best practices and outreach and treatment programs, and design of a methodology to implement best practices in conjunction with the National Network for Technological Transfers in Addiction.

(b) Provision of Helicopters- Funds made available to carry out this subtitle to provide helicopters to the Government of Mexico, shall, to the extent possible, be used to procure or provide helicopters that are of a similar manufacture to those helicopters already in the possession of the Government of Mexico in order to facilitate integration of those assets into Mexico’s existing air fleet.

(c) Sense of Congress- It is the sense of Congress that the United States shall ensure, to the extent possible, that assistance under this subtitle is made available and cross-utilized by the armed forces of Mexico and relevant law enforcement agencies of the Government of Mexico, including the Mexican Office of the Attorney General.

SEC. 114. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE.

(a) Limitation- No assistance may be provided under this subtitle to any unit of the armed forces of Mexico or any unit of the law enforcement agencies of Mexico if the Secretary of State determines that, consistent with section 620J of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2378d), there is credible evidence that such unit has committed gross violations of human rights.

(b) Exception- The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply if the Secretary of State determines and reports to the appropriate congressional committees that the Government of Mexico is taking effective measures to bring the responsible members of the unit of the armed forces or law enforcement agencies, as the case may be, to justice.

SEC. 115. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

(a) In General- To carry out this subtitle, there are authorized to be appropriated to the President $350,000,000 for fiscal year 2008, $390,000,000 for fiscal year 2009, and $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2010.

(b) Limitation-

(1) IN GENERAL- Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under subsection (a)–

(A) not more than $205,000,000 may be provided as assistance for the armed forces of Mexico for 2008;

(B) not more than $120,000,000 may be provided as assistance for the armed forces of Mexico for 2009; and

(C) not more than $9,000,000 may be provided as assistance for the armed forces of Mexico for 2010.

(2) ADDITIONAL LIMITATION- None of the funds appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under subsection (a) for fiscal year 2009 may be provided as assistance for the Mexican Secretariat of Public Security until the President determines that the Mexican National Registry of Police Personnel (Registro Nacional de Personal Policial) is operational at the federal, state, and local levels.

(c) Availability- Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under subsection (a) are–

(1) authorized to remain available until expended; and

(2) in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, including funds available under chapter 8 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291 et seq.).

Subtitle B–Assistance to Enhance the Rule of Law and Strengthen Civilian Institutions

SEC. 121. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

It is the sense of Congress that, as a critical part of a joint, comprehensive security, counternarcotics, and organized crime initiative, the United States should support–

(1) programs of the United States Agency for International Development and other United States agencies focused on strengthening civilian institutions and rule of law programs in Mexico at the federal, state, and local levels; and

(2) anti-corruption, transparency, and human rights programs to ensure due process and expand a culture of lawfulness in Mexico.

SEC. 122. AUTHORIZATION OF ASSISTANCE.

The President is authorized to provide assistance for Mexico to support the activities described in section 123.

SEC. 123. ACTIVITIES SUPPORTED.

Activities that may be supported by assistance under section 122 include the following:

(1) INSTITUTION BUILDING AND RULE OF LAW- To assist Mexico’s efforts to expand the rule of law and build the capacity, transparency, and trust in government institutions, including assistance such as–

(A) rule of law and systemic improvements in judicial and criminal justice sector institutions, including–

(i) courts management and prosecutorial capacity building;

(ii) prison reform activities, including those relating to anti-gang and anti-organized crime efforts;

(iii) anti-money laundering programs;

(iv) victim and witness protection and restitution; and

(v) promotion of transparent oral trials via training for the judicial sector;

(B) police professionalization, including–

(i) training regarding use of force;

(ii) human rights education and training;

(iii) training regarding evidence preservation and chain of custody; and

(iv) enhanced capacity to vet candidates;

(C) support for the Mexican Office of the Attorney General, including–

(i) judicial processes improvement and coordination;

(ii) enhancement of forensics capabilities;

(iii) data collection and analyses;

(iv) case tracking and management;

(v) financial intelligence functions; and

(vi) maintenance of data systems.

(2) ANTI-CORRUPTION, TRANSPARENCY, AND HUMAN RIGHTS- To assist law enforcement and court institutions in Mexico to develop mechanisms to ensure due process and proper oversight and to respond to citizen complaints, including assistance such as–

(A) enhancement of polygraph capability in the Mexican Police agency (SSP);

(B) support for greater transparency and accountability in the Mexican legal system, including–

(i) establishment of a center in the Mexican Office of the Attorney General for receipt of citizen complaints;

(ii) establishment of clerk of the court system to track cases and pretrial detentions;

(iii) reorganization of human and financial resources systems; and

(iv) equipping and training of criminal investigators; and

(C) promotion of human rights, including–

(i) support for human rights organizations, bar associations, and law schools; and

(ii) training for police, prosecutors, and corrections officers.

(3) PREVENTION- To assist in the prevention of individuals from participating in illicit narcotics-related violent activities, such as–

(A) establishment of programs that address domestic violence and increase school attendance rates; and

(B) expansion of intervention programs, including after-school programs and programs for at-risk and criminal involved youth.

(4) DEVELOPMENT- To assist in the development of areas where lack of jobs breeds illicit narcotics-related violence, including–

(A) expansion of alternative livelihood programs, including job creation programs and rural development programs and the provision of microenterprise development assistance under title VI of chapter 2 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2211 et seq.); and

(B) establishment of gang reeducation and training programs.

SEC. 124. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

(a) In General- To carry out this subtitle, there are authorized to be appropriated to the President $120,000,000 for fiscal year 2008, $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2009, and $110,000,000 for fiscal year 2010.

(b) Availability- Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under subsection (a) are–

(1) authorized to remain available until expended; and

(2) in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, including funds available under chapter 8 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

700 Million To Mexico See Merieda House Bill? L.A.M. Norman Oetker Missionary "The Light Amidst the Mong" Hmong Thailand, Reynosa Mexico, English Class, St. Charles Missouri US.

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